5G NR Network Relationship – Neighbor Planning

In any telecommunication technology starting from 2G to 5G, Neighbor relation or to say Neighbor planning is an important activity. Neighbor relation information is very critical for cell re-selection while […]

5G NR Quasi-Colocation Concept, Types and Application

Two signals transmitted from same antenna port shall experience the same radio channel, where as transmitting it from two different antenna ports shall experience different radio conditions. But there can […]

5G NR Physical Cell ID (PCI) Planning

Each 5G NR cell corresponds to a Physical Cell ID (PCI) and it is used to distinguish cells on the radio side. The PCI planning for 5G NR is very […]

5G Identifiers SUPI and SUCI

In telecommunication systems, network operator allocate to each SIM card a unique identifier, known up to the 4G as an IMSI (International Mobile Subscriber Identity) and for the 5G as […]

5G NR System Information

System information is downlink broadcast information transmitted periodically by base station. it is very critical information for a mobile (UE) to connection the Base station (gNB in 5G) in any […]

Open RAN (O-RAN) Reference Architecture

The O-RAN Reference Architecture is designed to enable next generation RAN infrastructures. It is designed with the principles of intelligence and openness, the O-RAN architecture is the foundation for building […]

5G NR Global Unique Temporary Identifier (GUTI)

5G Global Unique Temporary Identifier [5G – GUTI] is a core network temporary identifier and allocated by Access and Mobility Management function [AMF] to the UE. GUTI is 80 bits […]