TTI Bundling for better HARQ and Latency

TTI bundling enables a data block to be transmitted in consecutive TTIs, which are packed together and treated as the same resource during the scheduling process. TTI bundling makes use […]

How to get better ACLR in TX chain ?

If you are trying to debug the bad ACLR in TX Chain or you are designing a TX for your system, then you must take care following points with regards […]

LTE Cell Camping and Selection Procedure

Cell Selection and Re-selection: After selecting a PLMN, a UE selects a cell in the PLMN to camp on. After camping on the cell, the UE monitors system information, performs […]

PLMN Selection in LTE (Idle Mode Action)

UEs can be either in RRC_CONNECTED or RRC_IDLE mode. UEs will be declared as RRC_IDLE if there is no RRC connection between the UEs and the eNodeB and RRC_Connected when […]

Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request (HARQ) in LTE FDD

HARQ stands for Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request. HARQ = ARQ + FEC (Forward Error Correction)/Soft Combining. ARQ refers to Automatic Repeat Request i.e. if sender doesn’t receive Acknowledgement (ACK) before timeout, the […]

Narrow Band-Physical Broadcast Channel (NPBCH)

NPBCH stands for narrow band physical broadcast channel similar to PBCH in LTE Technology. The NPBCH is used to deliver the NB-IoT Master Information Block (MIB), which provides essential information […]