Open Stack Undercloud and Overcloud

In Open Stack, an Undercloud is the deployment cloud that contain the necessary OpenStack components to deploy and manage an Overcloud also called workload cloud or deployed cloud. The overcloud is […]

Iperf : A Tool for Network Testing

Iperf or IP performance is a utility for testing network performance and its tuning. It is a cross-platform (windows, linux) tool which can provide standardized measurement results for any network […]

5G NR RLC – UM Mode Data Transmission

In 5G NR, RLC has 3 different modes of operations TM, UM and AM and each of the mode can transmit and receive data, serving different logical channels as per their requirement. This post provides […]

5G NR RLC – AM Mode Data Transmission

In 5G NR, RLC has 3 different modes of operations TM, UM and AM and each of the mode can transmit and receive data, serving different logical channels as per […]

O-RAN Fronthaul Spilt Option 7-2x

Open Fronthaul w.r.t. ORAN Alliance is referred as Lower Layer Split (LLS) having a goal to increase the flexibility and competition on the telecom market. Lower layer split refers to […]

3GPP Evolution for MIMO

Released 3GPP standards on MIMO are shown in below image. As you know, Coordinated Multipoint (CoMP) is a type of Cooperative MIMO, in which data and channel state information (CSI) are […]