5G Identifiers SUPI and SUCI

In telecommunication systems, network operator allocate to each SIM card a unique identifier, known up to the 4G as an IMSI (International Mobile Subscriber Identity) and for the 5G as […]

5G NR System Information

System information is downlink broadcast information transmitted periodically by base station. it is very critical information for a mobile (UE) to connection the Base station (gNB in 5G) in any […]

Open RAN (O-RAN) Reference Architecture

The O-RAN Reference Architecture is designed to enable next generation RAN infrastructures. It is designed with the principles of intelligence and openness, the O-RAN architecture is the foundation for building […]

What is NUMA (non-uniform memory access)?

In the past, processors had been designed as Symmetric Multi-processing or Uniform Memory Architecture (UMA) machines, which mean that all processors shared the access to all memory available in the system over the single […]

5G NR Global Unique Temporary Identifier (GUTI)

5G Global Unique Temporary Identifier [5G – GUTI] is a core network temporary identifier and allocated by Access and Mobility Management function [AMF] to the UE. GUTI is 80 bits […]