Iperf : A Tool for Network Testing

Iperf or IP performance is a utility for testing network performance and its tuning. It is a cross-platform (windows, linux) tool which can provide standardized measurement results for any network […]

Open RAN Integration – Where We Today

Open RAN is being deployed by multiple Service Providers around the world. These deployment are large scale deployments in some of the largest countries in the world. In Open RAN […]

5G NR RLC – UM Mode Data Transmission

In 5G NR, RLC has 3 different modes of operations TM, UM and AM and each of the mode can transmit and receive data, serving different logical channels as per their requirement. This post provides […]

5G NR RLC – AM Mode Data Transmission

In 5G NR, RLC has 3 different modes of operations TM, UM and AM and each of the mode can transmit and receive data, serving different logical channels as per […]

3GPP Evolution for MIMO

Released 3GPP standards on MIMO are shown in below image. As you know, Coordinated Multipoint (CoMP) is a type of Cooperative MIMO, in which data and channel state information (CSI) are […]

5G NR Transport Block Size (TBS) Calculation

Transport Block  in 5G NR, is nothing but the payload which is passed between the MAC and Phy Layers, specifically for the shared data channel such as PDSCH and PUSCH. […]

3GPP Release 12

3 GPP Release 12 was largely completed on-time in March 2015, with a few exceptional features allowed an extension to later in the year. Release 12 builds on the innovations in […]

3GPP Release 14

The 3GPP RAN group has started working on the evolution of LTE  in  3GPP Release 14, targeting completion by June 2017. This release targeting improvements and new features for LTE-Advanced Pro. […]

3GPP Release 13

3GPP Release 13 first release was frozen in March 2016. It was brought to reality with quite extensive set of new functionalities as compared to LTE-Advanced. They are summarized below. LTE […]