5G RIC – RAN Intelligent Controller

With the evolution and advancements in 4G & 5G RAN architecture e.g. CUPS, Layer Function split concept and virtualization, made it possible to use SDN concepts into the mobile infrastructure. […]

5G NR RA-RNTI Calculation

A 5G UE picks a random preamble for RACH procedure to get the uplink synchronisation. The preamble is referenced with an ID know as  RAPID (Random Access Preamble ID). 5G […]

Virtual Machine vs Container

Virtual machines (VMs) are an abstraction of physical hardware turning one server into many servers. It functions as a virtual computer system with its own CPU, memory, network interface, and […]

5G NR RSRP Measurement Report Mapping

In 5G NR, RSRP measurement is performed and reported at Layer 1 (Physical Layer) and Layer 3 (RRC Layer). For example,  5G capable device can provide SS-RSRP measurements at Layer […]

5G NR System Information Type#3 – SIB 3

In 5G NR, SIB3 contains neighboring cell related information relevant for intra-frequency cell re-selections only. It includes cells with specific re-selection parameters and blacklisted cells information. Characteristics of NR System […]

5G NR System Information Type#2 – SIB 2

In 5G NR, System Information Block Type 2 or SIB2  provides information which is common to intra frequency , inter frequency and inter-system cell (NR – LTE) reselection. It also […]

5G NR System Information Type#1 – SIB 1

In 5G NR, System Information Block #1 (SIB#1) carries information relevant when evaluating if a UE is allowed to access a cell and defines the scheduling of other system information. […]

CPU Pinning in Telco Cloud

Whole world telecom infrastructure (RAN, Core and IMS) adapting towards the cloud and virtualization where the network nodes are sharing virtual resources (Compute, storage, networking etc.) for running application on […]

What is Cloud Native?

The term “Cloud Native” App is used to describe an application that is built for the cloud on the cloud. It is an approach to building and running applications that […]