5G and Everyday Consumer Benefits

5G may be the biggest development in network technology in a decade. Yet somewhat surprisingly it tends to be discussed almost entirely on an industry level, or from a technical […]

5G NR Cell Search and Synchronization

Cell search is the procedure by which a UE acquires time and frequency synchronization with a cell and decode the Cell ID of that cell. In 5G NR, Cell search concept […]

5G NR QoS  characteristics

5G QoS  characteristics describe the packet forwarding treatment that a QoS Flow receives edge-to-edge between the UE and the UPF in terms of the following performance characteristics: Resource Type (GBR, […]

5G NR QoS Parameters

3GPP specification 23.501 defined the following 5G QoS Parameters as part of QoS Implementation. 5G QoS Identifier (5GQI) Allocation and Retention Priority (ARP) Reflective QoS Attribute (RQA) Notification Control Flow […]

5G NR User Plane Latency

The definition of user plane latency as per 3GPP TR 38.913, is  “the time to successfully deliver an application layer packet/message from the radio protocol L2/L3 SDU entering point to […]