O-RAN – Fronthaul Delay and Its Management

O-RAN Split Option 7-2x, introduced a functional split between O-DU and O-RU within the PHY Layer of the radio interface. This split cause some delay in transmission and reception of […]

NFVO Management Function Validation Test Suite

Virtualized Network Functions (VNF) are managed and orchestrated by the NFV MANO through the NFVI. It allows a VNF to be instantiation, management, scaled up or down and in or […]

NB IOT Peak Data Rate Calculation

We have seen in different literature that Narrow Band IOT (NB-IOT) release 13 technology peak downlink data rate is 170 kbps and  pplink data rate is 250 kbps, do know […]

5G NR RRC Timers, Counters and Constants

5G NR radio resource control (RRC) has introduced following listed timers, counters and constant for reliable functioning of procedures like RRCsetuprequest, RRCreestablishment, RRCresume, RRCsuspend etc. RRC timer indicates the timer […]

5G NR Measurement Events

In any telecom technology (2G, 3G, 4G or 5G), mobility (handover) decision whether mobile device will be handover or not is taken by by base station based on measurement reports […]

5G NR Network Relationship – Neighbor Planning

In any telecommunication technology starting from 2G to 5G, Neighbor relation or to say Neighbor planning is an important activity. Neighbor relation information is very critical for cell re-selection while […]