Virtual Network’s Most Common Definitions

Life Cycle Management (LCM) : LCM is a set of functions required to manage the instantiation, maintenance and termination of a Virtual Network Function (VNF) or Network Service (NS). Network […]

Robust Header Compression – ROHC

ROHC is a header compression protocol/algorithm that can be used compress the header of different IP packets. In normal case without compression  IPv4 header is 40 bytes and IPv6 header […]

TTI Bundling for better HARQ and Latency

TTI bundling enables a data block to be transmitted in consecutive TTIs, which are packed together and treated as the same resource during the scheduling process. TTI bundling makes use […]

How to get better ACLR in TX chain ?

If you are trying to debug the bad ACLR in TX Chain or you are designing a TX for your system, then you must take care following points with regards […]

LTE Cell Camping and Selection Procedure

Cell Selection and Re-selection: After selecting a PLMN, a UE selects a cell in the PLMN to camp on. After camping on the cell, the UE monitors system information, performs […]

5G NR gNB Higher Layer Split (HLS)

The NG-RAN architecture with a split gNB function is shown in Figure below. Here in NG-RAN a set of gNBs is connected to the 5G Core Network (5GC) through the […]

PLMN Selection in LTE (Idle Mode Action)

UEs can be either in RRC_CONNECTED or RRC_IDLE mode. UEs will be declared as RRC_IDLE if there is no RRC connection between the UEs and the eNodeB and RRC_Connected when […]

NR Resource Block Definition and RBs Calculation

Resource Block Definition One NR Resource Block (RB) contains 14 symbols in time domain and 12 sub-carriers in frequency domain similar to LTE. In LTE resource block bandwidth is fixed […]