5G NR Measurement Events

In any telecom technology (2G, 3G, 4G or 5G), mobility (handover) decision whether mobile device will be handover or not is taken by by base station based on measurement reports […]

5G mmWave 28 GHz Band Link Budget – n257

The combination of 5G NR technology and millimeter wave bands pioneer a new level of mobile performance with ultra-high speeds and low latencies. Momentum behind 28 GHz is growing, with […]

5G NR Cyclic Prefix (CP) Design

Cyclic prefix (CP) refers to the prefixing of a symbol, with a repetition of the end In OFDM wireless systems. The receiver is typically configured to discard the cyclic prefix […]

5G NR Quasi-Colocation Concept, Types and Application

Two signals transmitted from same antenna port shall experience the same radio channel, where as transmitting it from two different antenna ports shall experience different radio conditions. But there can […]

5G Identifiers SUPI and SUCI

In telecommunication systems, network operator allocate to each SIM card a unique identifier, known up to the 4G as an IMSI (International Mobile Subscriber Identity) and for the 5G as […]

5G NR System Information

System information is downlink broadcast information transmitted periodically by base station. it is very critical information for a mobile (UE) to connection the Base station (gNB in 5G) in any […]

Open RAN (O-RAN) Reference Architecture

The O-RAN Reference Architecture is designed to enable next generation RAN infrastructures. It is designed with the principles of intelligence and openness, the O-RAN architecture is the foundation for building […]