What is directivity in a coupler ?

Directional couplers are four-port circuits where a defined amount of the electromagnetic power fed at the input port in a transmission line is coupled to a port (known as coupled […]

What parameters impact the EVM of transmitter chain ?

The error vector magnitude or EVM is a measure used to quantify the performance of a digital radio transmitter or receiver. A signal sent by an ideal transmitter or received by a receiver would have all constellation […]

TTI Bundling for better HARQ and Latency

TTI bundling enables a data block to be transmitted in consecutive TTIs, which are packed together and treated as the same resource during the scheduling process. TTI bundling makes use […]

How to get better ACLR in TX chain ?

If you are trying to debug the bad ACLR in TX Chain or you are designing a TX for your system, then you must take care following points with regards […]

LTE Cell Camping and Selection Procedure

Cell Selection and Re-selection: After selecting a PLMN, a UE selects a cell in the PLMN to camp on. After camping on the cell, the UE monitors system information, performs […]

PLMN Selection in LTE (Idle Mode Action)

UEs can be either in RRC_CONNECTED or RRC_IDLE mode. UEs will be declared as RRC_IDLE if there is no RRC connection between the UEs and the eNodeB and RRC_Connected when […]

Antenna Gain and Antenna Beam Calculation

Antenna Gain is a parameter which measures the degree of directivity of the antenna’s radiation pattern. A high-gain antenna will preferentially radiate in a particular direction. The gain of an […]