5G NR User Plane Latency

The definition of user plane latency as per 3GPP TR 38.913, is  “the time to successfully deliver an application layer packet/message from the radio protocol L2/L3 SDU entering point to […]

What parameters impact the EVM of transmitter chain ?

The error vector magnitude or EVM is a measure used to quantify the performance of a digital radio transmitter or receiver. A signal sent by an ideal transmitter or received by a receiver would have all constellation […]

Robust Header Compression – ROHC

ROHC is a header compression protocol/algorithm that can be used compress the header of different IP packets. In normal case without compression  IPv4 header is 40 bytes and IPv6 header […]

TTI Bundling for better HARQ and Latency

TTI bundling enables a data block to be transmitted in consecutive TTIs, which are packed together and treated as the same resource during the scheduling process. TTI bundling makes use […]

PLMN Selection in LTE (Idle Mode Action)

UEs can be either in RRC_CONNECTED or RRC_IDLE mode. UEs will be declared as RRC_IDLE if there is no RRC connection between the UEs and the eNodeB and RRC_Connected when […]

Narrow Band-Physical Broadcast Channel (NPBCH)

NPBCH stands for narrow band physical broadcast channel similar to PBCH in LTE Technology. The NPBCH is used to deliver the NB-IoT Master Information Block (MIB), which provides essential information […]