Voice Over NR (VoNR Call Flow)

We are seeing 5G Stand Alone (SA) data services are rolling out throughout the world, it is very much essential for MNOs to provide services such as Voice/Video calls. To […]

5G Authentication and Key Management 5G-AKA

Secure communication in any cellular network can be achieved with help of AKA procedure.  AKA is Authentication and Key Management procedure which involve mutual authentication between User Device and the […]

4G LTE Important QXDM Log Packets

QXDM is most widely used tool in wireless 4G,5G technology to capture Qualcomm based Mobile signalling and data details logs for debugging purpose. Whether it is Field testing or Lab […]

5G NR RA-RNTI Calculation

A 5G UE picks a random preamble for RACH procedure to get the uplink synchronisation. The preamble is referenced with an ID know as  RAPID (Random Access Preamble ID). 5G […]

5G NR RRC Timers, Counters and Constants

5G NR radio resource control (RRC) has introduced following listed timers, counters and constant for reliable functioning of procedures like RRCsetuprequest, RRCreestablishment, RRCresume, RRCsuspend etc. RRC timer indicates the timer […]

5G NR RRM Measurement Requirements

In 5G NR, the Sync Signal/PBCH block (SSB) burst is consists of multiple SSBs. These multiple SSBs are associated with the different SSB indexes and with the different transmission beams […]

5G NR Measurement Events

In any telecom technology (2G, 3G, 4G or 5G), mobility (handover) decision whether mobile device will be handover or not is taken by by base station based on measurement reports […]