5G PDU Session and Its Types

Introduction In 5G System, the one of the key task for the networ is to provide the connectivity to UE towards  a Data Network (DN) know as 5G DNN which […]

5G SA Inter gNB Handover – N2 or NGAP Handover

Introduction Mobility (Handover) in an important feature in any telecom generation and so it is in 5G. The basic handover procedure remains same as it was in legacy networks, i.e. UE reports measurement report with […]

5G SA Inter gNB Handover – Xn Handover

Introduction Mobility (Handover) in an important feature in any telecom generation and so it is in 5G. The basic handover procedure remains same as it was in legacy networks, i.e. UE reports measurement report with […]

Voice Over NR (VoNR Call Flow)

We are seeing 5G Stand Alone (SA) data services are rolling out throughout the world, it is very much essential for MNOs to provide services such as Voice/Video calls. To […]

5G Authentication and Key Management 5G-AKA

Secure communication in any cellular network can be achieved with help of AKA procedure.  AKA is Authentication and Key Management procedure which involve mutual authentication between User Device and the […]

4G LTE Important QXDM Log Packets

QXDM is most widely used tool in wireless 4G,5G technology to capture Qualcomm based Mobile signalling and data details logs for debugging purpose. Whether it is Field testing or Lab […]

5G NR RA-RNTI Calculation

A 5G UE picks a random preamble for RACH procedure to get the uplink synchronisation. The preamble is referenced with an ID know as  RAPID (Random Access Preamble ID). 5G […]

5G NR RRC Timers, Counters and Constants

5G NR radio resource control (RRC) has introduced following listed timers, counters and constant for reliable functioning of procedures like RRCsetuprequest, RRCreestablishment, RRCresume, RRCsuspend etc. RRC timer indicates the timer […]