Helm – What is it in Telco Cloud ?

In 5G, RAN and Core the whole telecom is moving toward cloudification based on CNFs (Container Network Function) based deployment using Kubernetes (k8s) and MNOs are implemented CI/CD with every […]

5G MAC BSR – Buffer Status Reporting

The Buffer Status reporting (BSR) is a MAC layer procedure which is used by the UE to provide information about the amount of data available for transmission in the UL […]

5G NR BFR – Beam Failure Recovery

The 5G communication specially at higher frequencies or mmWave is using Massive MIMO with Beamforming. Beamforming is a signal processing technique that allows gNB send targeted beams of data to […]

Kubernetes – Kubectl working and Common Commands

Kubectl is the command line configuration tool to interact with Kubernetes clusters using Kubernetes API server. kubectl allows users to create, inspect, update, and delete Kubernetes objects. Kubectl Charctersitisc  Kubectl […]

5G NAS – Authentication Failures Cause Values

In 5G Network, Non-access stratum (NAS) layer managed the PLMN specfic Network Failure and Authentication Failures between the 5G UE and 5G Core. Mutual authentication is a mandatory security procedure […]

5G NAS – Registration Reject Cause

In 5G NR, Registration is a NAS layer or 5G Mobility Management (5GMM) process and it is very much similar to the Attach Process in LTE except some of the […]