5GNR 2-Step RACH

In Earlier versions of NR  3GPP Releases i.e. Rel.15, There was only one type of RACH procedure was defined, which is similar to LTE RACH procedure also known as 4-Step […]

Open Midhaul F1 Interface F1-C and F1-U

The F1 interface connects a gNB CU to a gNB DU. This interface is applicable to the CU-DU Split gNB architecture. The control plane of the F1 (F 1-C) allows […]

5G NR-PDCCH Channel Overview and Processing

The physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) in NR carries Downlink Control Information (DCI). In this post we will understand how PDCCH operates by describing its physical layer structure, and the […]

Open Stack Undercloud and Overcloud

In Open Stack, an Undercloud is the deployment cloud that contain the necessary OpenStack components to deploy and manage an Overcloud also called workload cloud or deployed cloud. The overcloud is […]

Cloud RAN Orchestration and Management

The Orchestration and management for Cloud RAN (cRAN) is consist of a suite of Orchestration and OSS systems, including AI/ML advanced analytics systems, to automate the end-to-end service lifecycle starting […]