5G NAS Mobility Management – 5GMM

At 5GC, NAS Mobility Management (5GMM) procedures are responsible to keep track whereabouts of the UE, UE authentication and control integrity protection and ciphering. The 5GMM procedures also used by […]

Voice Over NR (VoNR Call Flow)

We are seeing 5G Stand Alone (SA) data services are rolling out throughout the world, it is very much essential for MNOs to provide services such as Voice/Video calls. To […]

5G NR-PDCCH Channel Overview and Processing

The physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) in NR carries Downlink Control Information (DCI). In this post we will understand how PDCCH operates by describing its physical layer structure, and the […]

5G NR – Msg2 Random Access Response (RAR) – SA Mode

In 5G NR,  the initial access include down-link synchronisation and up-link synchronisation procedures. Downlink synchronisation can be achieved after decoding Minimum System Information (SSB-MIB) and Remaining System Inforatmion (RMSI- SIB […]

5G NR RA-RNTI Calculation

A 5G UE picks a random preamble for RACH procedure to get the uplink synchronisation. The preamble is referenced with an ID know as  RAPID (Random Access Preamble ID). 5G […]

5G NR RSRP Measurement Report Mapping

In 5G NR, RSRP measurement is performed and reported at Layer 1 (Physical Layer) and Layer 3 (RRC Layer). For example,  5G capable device can provide SS-RSRP measurements at Layer […]