Lawful Intercept (LI) in 5G System

For any Service Provider/Wireless Operator Lawful Interception (LI) is one of the must satisfy regulatory requirements and a legal obligation towards the Law Enforcement Agencies and Government Authorities. Lawful Intercept […]

Voice Over NR (VoNR Call Flow)

We are seeing 5G Stand Alone (SA) data services are rolling out throughout the world, it is very much essential for MNOs to provide services such as Voice/Video calls. To […]

5G RAN and 5GC Network Slice Signaling

Network Slicing is considered as one of the key feature by 3GPP in 5G.  A network slice can be looked as a logical end-to-end network that can be dynamically created. […]

Open Midhaul F1 Interface F1-C and F1-U

The F1 interface connects a gNB CU to a gNB DU. This interface is applicable to the CU-DU Split gNB architecture. The control plane of the F1 (F 1-C) allows […]

Open RAN Management Plane (M-plane) for Open Radio Unit

In ORAN, the O-RU management functions to set parameters are done over the M-Plane. The management functions includes O-RU software management,  fault management etc. Regarding this, O-RAN fronthaul specifications prescribe […]

Iperf : A Tool for Network Testing

Iperf or IP performance is a utility for testing network performance and its tuning. It is a cross-platform (windows, linux) tool which can provide standardized measurement results for any network […]