Category: Future Network Optimization
O-Cloud – Open Cloud Requirements for Open RAN Operators
Introduction As per definition Open Cloud or O-Cloud is a cloud computing platform consist of physical infrastructure nodes that meet O-RAN requirements to host O-RAN CUs, DUs functions, supporting software […]
5G SON – Automatic Neighbor Relations – ANR
Introduction In old days, 2G and 3G Cellular systems configurations were based on information from planning tools and drive tests. With the development of 4G LTE, the Service Providers put […]
What is E2 Interface in Open RAN ?
Introduction The E2 interface is an open interface between two end points, i.e., the near-RT RIC and the so-called E2 nodes, i.e., DUs, CUs in 5G and O-RAN compliant eNBs […]
India 5G Spectrum Auction – Jio 5G Spectrum Details
The recent auction held by Deportment of Telcom (DOT) for spectrum in various low frequency bands (600 MHz, 700 MHz, 800 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 2100 MHz, 2300 MHz, […]
Telco Cloud Infra Timing Application – ptp4l, phc2sys and pmc
Introduction Timing is very critical for Radio Access Network (RAN) for error free packet delivery to the Mobile devices and controlling the inter-site interference by keeping SFNs, Transmission and reception […]
What is Section Type in Open RAN Fronthaul?
In Open RAN network deployments, interface between DU and RU is known as Fronthaul. As shown in below picture, the fronthaul carrier, the fronthaul carries Control and User Plane (C/U) data, Sync […]
Security in Kubernetes – Service Account
A mutli-node kubernetes cluster is deployed with different K8s services like kube- schedular, API-server,controller-manager, etcd, etc. on top of Master Node and with the help of kubectl command user can […]
5G FAPI – Femtocell Application Programming Interface
Introduction FAPI is an interface, which originally meant Femtocell Application Programming Interface defines the interface between MAC-Layer#2 and PHY – Layer#1 for small cells. FAPI is specified by the Small […]
Helm – What is it in Telco Cloud ?
In 5G, RAN and Core the whole telecom is moving toward cloudification based on CNFs (Container Network Function) based deployment using Kubernetes (k8s) and MNOs are implemented CI/CD with every […]
5G RAN and 5GC Network Slice Signaling
Network Slicing is considered as one of the key feature by 3GPP in 5G. A network slice can be looked as a logical end-to-end network that can be dynamically created. […]