Open RAN Integration – Where We Today

Open RAN is being deployed by multiple Service Providers around the world. These deployment are large scale deployments in some of the largest countries in the world. In Open RAN […]

5G NR RLC – UM Mode Data Transmission

In 5G NR, RLC has 3 different modes of operations TM, UM and AM and each of the mode can transmit and receive data, serving different logical channels as per their requirement. This post provides […]

O-RAN – Fronthaul Delay and Its Management

O-RAN Split Option 7-2x, introduced a functional split between O-DU and O-RU within the PHY Layer of the radio interface. This split cause some delay in transmission and reception of […]

5G NR RLC – AM Mode Data Transmission

In 5G NR, RLC has 3 different modes of operations TM, UM and AM and each of the mode can transmit and receive data, serving different logical channels as per […]

5G Open RAN Network Architecture Components

Open RAN network architecture is needed to address the specific needs of different mobile operators around the world and it is expected that vendors will interoperate to create customized Open […]

3GPP Evolution for MIMO

Released 3GPP standards on MIMO are shown in below image. As you know, Coordinated Multipoint (CoMP) is a type of Cooperative MIMO, in which data and channel state information (CSI) are […]

5G NR Transport Block Size (TBS) Calculation

Transport Block  in 5G NR, is nothing but the payload which is passed between the MAC and Phy Layers, specifically for the shared data channel such as PDSCH and PUSCH. […]