5G Identifiers SUPI and SUCI

In telecommunication systems, network operator allocate to each SIM card a unique identifier, known up to the 4G as an IMSI (International Mobile Subscriber Identity) and for the 5G as […]

Open RAN (O-RAN) Reference Architecture

The O-RAN Reference Architecture is designed to enable next generation RAN infrastructures. It is designed with the principles of intelligence and openness, the O-RAN architecture is the foundation for building […]

5G NR Base Station Classes

3GPP specification for 5G NR defines the three classes for base station namely, Wide Area Base Station, Medium Range Base Station and Local Area Base Station. These classes are corresponding […]

5G NR Base Station Types

As per 3GPP specification TS 38.104, the NR Base Station can be classified in following categories considering conducting (cabled) and radiating (OTA) requirement reference points: Base Station type 1-C Base […]

5G and Everyday Consumer Benefits

5G may be the biggest development in network technology in a decade. Yet somewhat surprisingly it tends to be discussed almost entirely on an industry level, or from a technical […]

5G NR Cell Search and Synchronization

Cell search is the procedure by which a UE acquires time and frequency synchronization with a cell and decode the Cell ID of that cell. In 5G NR, Cell search concept […]